PM JANMAN Scheme with Rs 24,104 Cr Budget Launched for Tribals of India

On the occasion of Janjatiya Gaurav Diwas, PM Modi launched the much-anticipated PM JANMAN or PM Janjati Adivasi Nyaya Maha Abhiyan. This was done on the occasion of the birth anniversary of Shri Birsa Munda i.e. November 15, 2023. Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi delivered a speech at the event commemorating Janjatiya Gaurav Diwas, 2023 in Khunti, Jharkhand. As part of the program, the Prime Minister inaugurated the ‘Viksit Bharat Sankalp Yatra’ and the Pradhan Mantri Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups Development Mission. In this article, we are going to talk about the scheme in detail. In case you have any doubts regarding the scheme, you can comment down your query in the comment section. 

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What is PM JANMAN Yojana?

 PM JANMAN, or PM Janjati Adivasi Nyaya Maha Abhiyan is a campaign launched for the tribals of India. This is launched with an outlay of Rs 24,104 crore. Under this scheme, the government will showcase and spread awareness of various government schemes made for the tribals. Also, the mission aims to provide essential amenities such as road and telecom connectivity, electricity, secure housing, clean drinking water, sanitation, and improved access to education, health, nutrition, and sustainable livelihood opportunities.


The government has identified 75 such tribal communities and primitive tribes, totaling a population in the lakhs, residing in over 22 thousand villages across the country. Within the framework of PM JANMAN, the government’s commitment to reaching out to tribal groups and primitive tribes, many of whom still inhabit forested areas. 

On the occasion of Jharkhand Foundation Day, the PM said that a fundamental pillar in the pursuit of a developed India is the PM JANMAN, or PM Janjati Adivasi Nyaya Maha Abhiyan. He highlighted that it was during Atal Bihari Vajpayee’s administration that a dedicated ministry for tribal society was established, accompanied by a separate budget. The Prime Minister conveyed that the budget for tribal welfare has seen a sixfold increase compared to previous allocations.

PM JANMAN Scheme 2023 Key Highlights
PM JANMAN Scheme 2023 Launch DateNovember 17,2023
PM JANMAN Scheme 2023 Official WebsitePM JANMAN Official Website
PM JANMAN Scheme 2023 ObjectiveTo deliver vital amenities like infrastructure, secure housing, clean water, sanitation, and improved access to education, health, and sustainable livelihoods, including road and telecom connectivity and electricity.
PM JANMAN Scheme 2023 under which MinistryMinistry of Tribal Affairs 
PM JANMAN Scheme 2023 Budget Rs 24,104 Crore
PM JANMAN Scheme 2023 Beneficiaries Tribal People of India 
PM JANMAN Scheme 2023 No of Initiatives 11
PM JANMAN Scheme 2023 Helpline Number Contact Us

PM JANMAN in News | What’s New?

On November 29, 2023, The Union Cabinet, presided over by Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi, granted approval for the Pradhan Mantri Janjati Adivasi Nyaya Maha Abhiyan (PM JANMAN). The initiative, with a total outlay of Rs. 24,104 crore (Central Share: Rs. 15,336 crore and State Share: Rs. 8,768 crore), is designed to address 11 critical interventions across nine Ministries. The Prime Minister officially launched the Abhiyan on Janjatiya Gaurav Diwas in Khunti.

As of the 2011 census, India has a Scheduled Tribe (ST) population of 10.45 crore, with 75 communities in 18 States and the Union Territory of Andaman and Nicobar Islands categorized as Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs). Despite their unique status, these PVTGs continue to grapple with vulnerability in social, economic, and educational domains.

About PM PVTG Development Mission

During the event, the Prime Minister inaugurated a groundbreaking initiative called the ‘Pradhan Mantri Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PM PVTG) Development Mission.’ There are 75 PVTGs distributed across 18 States and Union Territories, residing in 22,544 villages (220 districts) with a collective population of approximately 28 lakhs.

In line with the Budget Speech for 2023-24, a Pradhan Mantri PVTG of Development Mission will be introduced to enhance the socio-economic conditions of Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs). This mission aims to provide basic facilities such as safe housing, clean drinking water, sanitation, improved access to education, health and nutrition, road and telecom connectivity, and sustainable livelihood opportunities. 

An allocation of Rs. 15,000 crore will be earmarked for the implementation of this mission over the next three years under the Development Action Plan for the Scheduled Tribes (DAPST).

These tribes inhabit isolated, remote, and challenging terrains, often located in forested areas. Consequently, a mission with a budget of around Rs 24,000 crore has been devised to comprehensively address the needs of PVTG families and their habitats. The mission aims to provide essential amenities such as road and telecom connectivity, electricity, secure housing, clean drinking water, sanitation, and improved access to education, health, nutrition, and sustainable livelihood opportunities.

Who was Birsa Munda?

Birsa Munda, born on November 15, 1875, in Ulihatu near Ranchi, Jharkhand, India, belonged to the Munda tribe, a prominent indigenous community in the region. He staunchly opposed British colonial rule and the exploitation of tribal populations, leading numerous uprisings and protests in defense of tribal rights and culture.

Notably, Birsa Munda played a pivotal role in initiating a religious movement that emphasized the worship of a single god while rejecting foreign deities. His efforts were a response to the socio-cultural impact of British colonialism on tribal communities.

In 1900, British authorities arrested Birsa Munda, and tragically, he passed away in prison in 1901. Despite his untimely demise, he is revered as a hero and a symbol of resistance against British colonialism. His legacy endures as a source of inspiration, shaping the ongoing discourse on tribal rights and social justice in India.

Birsa Munda Jayanti

Birsa Munda Jayanti, observed annually on November 15th, holds great importance in India, particularly in the state of Jharkhand. This day commemorates the birth anniversary of Birsa Munda, a respected tribal leader and freedom fighter who devoted his life to advocating for the welfare of tribal communities and resisting British colonial oppression. Individuals from various backgrounds unite on this occasion to pay homage to Birsa Munda’s pivotal role in the Indian freedom movement and his efforts to preserve tribal culture.

Diverse events, cultural activities, and discussions are organized to celebrate Birsa Munda’s enduring legacy. Birsa Munda Jayanti serves as a poignant reminder of the significance of tribal rights, the pursuit of social justice, and the imperative to protect and embrace the rich cultural heritage of indigenous communities in India. This day encourages reflection, draws inspiration, and renews a commitment to the principles championed by Birsa Munda.

Viksit Bharat Sankalp Yatra

List of 11 Initiatives for the Tribals in India

The PM-JANMAN initiative, encompassing both Central Sector and Centrally Sponsored Schemes, aims to emphasize 11 crucial interventions across nine Ministries. These interventions include initiatives led by the Ministry of Tribal Affairs.

ActivityNo. of Beneficiary / TargetsCost Norms
Provision of pucca houses4.90 lakhRs 2.39 lakhs /house
Connecting roads8000 KMRs 1.00 Cr/Km
Piped Water Supply/All PVTG habitations including 4.90 lakhs HHs to be constructed under the missionAs per schematic norms
Community water supply2500 Villages/ habitations with a population of less than 20 HHsAs per actual cost arrived
Mobile Medical Units with medicine cost1000 (10/district)Rs 33.88.00 lakhs/MMU
Construction of hostels500Rs 2.75 Cr/hostel
Vocational education & skilling60 Aspirational PVTG blocksRs 50 lakhs/block
Construction of Anganwadi Centers2500Rs 12 lakhs/AWC
Construction of Multipurpose Centers (MPC)1000Rs 60 lakhs/MPC Provision of ANM and Anganwadi worker in each MPC
Energization of HHs (Last mile connectivity)57000 HHsRs 22,500/HH
Provision of 0.3 KW solar off-grid system100000 HHsRs 50,000/HH or as per actual cost
Solar lighting in streets & MPCs1500 unitsRs 1,00,000/unit
Setting up of VDVKs500Rs 15 lakhs/VDVK
Installation of mobile towers3000 villagesAs per schematic norms cost

PM JANMAN Important Points

In addition to the previously mentioned interventions, the Mission will incorporate the following initiatives from other Ministries:

The Ministry of Ayush will establish Ayush Wellness Centres following existing norms, with Ayush facilities reaching PVTG habitations through Mobile Medical Units.

The Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship will enable skill and vocational training in PVTG habitations, multipurpose centers, and hostels, aligning with the specific skills of these communities.

References: Press Information Bureau

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